Our goal at eBird is to connect a global network of birders with researchers and conservationists, freely providing high-quality information on bird sightings that can be used for science and actionable conservation. However, open-access data can be a risk for birds that are targeted for exploitation—either through capture, killing, or significant disturbance.
While targeted killing and disturbance are risks for some species, the exploitation of wild birds for the pet trade is the most significant risk for the majority of species. Despite many laws that protect wild birds and regulate international trade in threatened animals (see Birdlife International summary of bird trade and CITES), illegal trade remains a major threat to many species.
With these dangers to wild birds in mind, we’ve developed a system to allow Sensitive Species to be reported by eBirders worldwide without fear of harming these imperiled species. Many responsible eBirders intentionally misplot checklists or use overly broad-scale locations for at-risk species, which does not serve science or conservation. This development allows eBirders to submit specific location data for at-risk species in a way that supports groups working to understand and protect sensitive species, without risk of causing the harm to the birds.
Certain species, subspecies groups, and other taxa (e.g., hybrids, slashes) are treated as "Sensitive" in eBird. Sensitive Species have a customized display in eBird, where they are:
- Hidden from checklist views, except to observers on the checklist
- Hidden from all site-level output (e.g., Hotspot Explorer, bar charts for hotspots)
- Shown only at grid-cell level (400 km2 accuracy) on eBird species maps
- Shown at region-level output (e.g., Region Explorer, Illustrated Checklists) with checklist details (date, location, observer, checklist link) omitted
- Included in listing totals (e.g., Top 100), but never shown as "most recent addition"
- Shown in Media Search with checklist details (date, location, observer, checklist link) omitted and only for regions larger than a hotspot
- Specifically marked as Sensitive wherever the species name is displayed in output and location-level data has been removed, such as on the Region Explorer or Illustrated Checklist pages
As of October 2017, Sensitive Species are implemented primarily at the global scale. In the future, regional and seasonal treatments will be added as needed.
eBird Sensitive Species Criteria
eBird is a collaborative project with hundreds of partners worldwide. We consult with local partners in order to develop our list of Sensitive Species. Sensitive Species in eBird conform to these guidelines:
- Sensitive Species are formally recommended by a partner or published source, and rationale for the listing is stored at eBird.
- Sensitive Species in eBird are those for which demonstrable harm could occur from public display of site-level records, including (but not limited to): 1) targeted capture for the cage bird trade; 2) targeted hunting; 3) targeted disturbance of nests, roosts, or individual birds from birdwatchers or photographers. Species that are rare but are not under pressure from targeted human exploitation or disturbance generally are not considered Sensitive.
- In most, but not all, cases, a Sensitive Species has formal listing as an Endangered or Threatened species either on a local priority list or by the IUCN (http://www.iucnredlist.org/).
See the full list of species treated as Sensitive in eBird.